Health & Wellness

What Causes Small Blood Clots in Urine Female and Male?

Did you know what causes blood clots in urine female and male? You are passing blood while urination can be a little frightening, especially if you aren’t feeling any trouble, but yes, it mustn’t be avoided. 

Blood or blood clots in the urine for also known as hematuria that can be a sign of severe medical conditions. For females, it can be normal trouble. However, it indicates other medical conditions related to kidney, bladder, UTI, etc. 

The color of blood can be brown, red, or light reddish, and the condition can be diagnosed by examining by a doctor. 

If females notice blood clots in the urine except their menstrual cycle, they must see a gynecologist. 

What Causes Blood Clots in Urine Female

Here we are listing causes of blood clots in urine female and other information so let’s know more about that:-

1. Urinary tract infection (UTI)

According to NIDDK, women are more prone to urinary tract infection, and the bacteria can affect the bladder, ureters, and kidneys. 

If you notice painful urination, pain in the lower abdomen and lower back, foul odor of urine, and blood clots in urine, you mustn’t ignore the symptoms.  

2. Kidney Stones

Kidney stones result from waste minerals that aren’t fleshed out, and they appear hard like a stone and can cause blood clots in the urine. Thyroid, dehydration, holding urine for a long time, ulcerative colitis, and obesity causes kidney stones.  

3. Endometriosis

Endometriosis is when the uterus lining gets thicker more than normal and develops outside of the uterus lining. It can also trigger fallopian tubes and ovaries, and more than 11% of women felt blood clots in urine and back pain.  

4. Cancer

Kidney and bladder cancer is a significant cause of blood clots in urine in females. You may feel frequent urination with excess pain and blood and difficulty while urinating.  

5. Particular Food 

Sometimes eating such food can also change urine color like beetroot. If you had this last night, you don’t need to worry. 

6. Urinary procedures

Urinary tract procedures include cystoscopy, ureteroscopy, vaginal ultrasound, and pyelograms to examine different health conditions that can cause blood clots in the urine.  

7. Injury 

An accident or any surgical process that can injure or inflame the whole urinary tract that is also responsible for blood and pain. At the same time, urination and only an expert can tell you about the cause. 

8. Polycystic kidney Disease 

Polycystic kidney disease also known as PKD that is a kidney disorder with cysts filled with fluid in both kidneys and cause blood and pain while peeing.  

9. Low Platelets 

These small cells in the human body are responsible for preventing bleeding during any injury and protecting the body by developing clots. When you have low platelets level, it causes blood clots in urine too. 

If you notice weakness, fatigue, and difficulty in breathing with urination issues, you must see a doctor as soon as possible.    

What Causes Blood Clots in Urine Male

What Causes Blood Clots in Urine Male

Blood clots in the urine for males isn’t a common sign, and you must check out the causes and consult an expert:-

1. Urinary Tract infection 

Though women are more prone to UTI, men can also develop them, and it is one of the earlier causes of blood clots in urine in males. When the bacteria enter through the bladder in the urethra causes infection in urine, and one may feel pain while urinating, frequent urination, fever or chills, and foul urine smell.   

2. Kidney Stone

The waste material in the blood forms stones in kidney and bladder and a significant cause of blood in the urine. 

Mainly small stones are extracted by themselves, but large stones need proper treatment or surgical process.  

3. Large Prostate 

Medically it is known as benign prostatic hyperplasia when the prostate gland becomes large and develops difficulty in urination and causes blood in the urine. Primarily it affects males between the ages of 50-60 years. 

Sometimes a person feels excess difficulty in urination, and urgent medical help is required in that situation. 

4. Catheterization 

There are two types of catheter processes. One is called indwelling, and the other is an external catheter, and both are used to drain the urine into a bag attached with that. 

The catheterization process enables infection and blood in the urine.  

5. Kidney Injury 

People with Glomerulonephritis or GN can have injured kidneys due to it affecting the filtration process of kidneys. Sometimes people have no or late developed signs of GN, and the symptoms include blood in urine, swelling on the face and feet, frequent urination, coughing, and bubbly urine. 

6. Certain Medication

Consuming such drugs for a long time can also be responsible for blood in urine in males. This medication includes blood-thinning drugs, NSAID, ifosfamide, and senna. 

One must ask the doctor about the adverse effects of these drugs.   

7. Cancer 

Prostate cancer and bladder cancer are the common causes of blood in the urine. If you notice pain in the pelvic area and lower abdomen, pain while ejaculation, sudden weight loss, frequent urge to urinate, appetite loss, etc., then you immediately consult your doctor.  

Blood Clots in Urine Female: Dos and Don’t

  • Add more veggies and fruits to the diet to boost immunity with antioxidant-rich food. 
  • Avoid food that causes inflammation and avoid excess precious items that can lead to UTI. 
  • Share your symptoms clearly with your doctor, and don’t wait to get it to fix by yourself. 
  • Most of the causes can be treated by medicines, so don’t worry and relax. 

Blood Clots in Urine Prevention

Whenever you notice blood clots in urine, you must consult a doctor, and he will start the diagnosis process, and after finding out the cause, it can be treatable. 

  • Your doctor may suggest a scan, imaging tests, urinalysis, and pelvic exam. 
  • Antibiotics can also help to cure the issue. 
  • Add herbal teas and more healthy beverages to enhance the kidney’s filtration process. 
  • Drink more water and accept a healthy lifestyle. 

In Closing       

As you noticed, various signs are available that result in blood clots in urine, and only a doctor can diagnose it well. We will also recommend that never be no delay in the treatment. Otherwise, it can affect the kidneys and reproductive system too. 

We hope you’ll never play with your health. If you or any of your friends ever felt these types of signs, please feel free to share with us and stay in touch with us for more information. 


  1. “Ureteral obstruction due to blood clot”–
  2. “Managing and Preventing Acute Urinary Retention” – NCBI
  3. “Hemorrhagic cystitis: A challenge to the urologist” – NCBI

Dr Maria

MD. Board Certified physician. Fellowship In Family Medicine UK. 8 years of medical experience in Lifestyle-related health disorders. Graduated from AIIMS – All India Institute Of Medical Science, INDIA

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