Health & Wellness

Signs and Symptoms of High Liver Enzymes Causes and Treatment

Looking for signs and symptoms of high liver enzymes? A liver enzyme is a chemical that stimulates (speeds up) chemical reactions within the body. There are various enzymes in the liver, such as alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT). High liver enzymes are usually seen in the blood test, indicating inflamed or injured liver cells. 

Let’s check more about the signs and symptoms of high liver enzymes and much other helpful information. 

Signs and Symptoms of High Liver Enzymes 

Your liver is an essential component of your digestive system, responsible for cleaning out toxins from your blood, processing medicines, developing bile, comforting you digest fat, storing glucose, and yielding proteins that help clot your blood, among many other things. 

It’s also a relatively forgiving organ, able to develop cells up to a point, but repeated harm to the liver leads to inflammation, scarring, and cirrhosis. This results in shrinking and harden, and changes the structure of the liver, preventing it from functioning well. High consumption of

Alcohol or toxins, a diet high in fat, and some viral infections, such as hepatitis, can damage the liver. 

Liver disease doesn’t usually result in any symptoms until the defect to the liver is pretty advanced. 

Elevated Liver Enzymes Symptoms

Elevated Liver Enzymes Symptoms

1. Fatigue and Tiredness

Doctors are not sure exactly how liver damage causes drowsiness, but it’s a popular warning. 

2. Nausea (feeling sick)

Nausea is also a sign and symptom of high liver enzymes results because toxins accumulate in the bloodstream due to the liver’s reduced ability to do its chore of filtering out toxins. 

3. Pale Stools

Stools are of dark color due to the bile salts that the liver discharges typically. If the stools are pale, it may reflect a problem with the liver or other part of the biliary drainage system. Black tarry stools can occur in advanced liver disease and are affected by blood passing through the gastrointestinal tract – this requires urgent medical attention. 

4. Yellow Skin or Eyes (Jaundice)

Jaundice occurs because of bilirubin (a bile pigment) build-up in the blood, as it can’t be refined effectively. The skin may also be scratchy for the same reason. 

5. Spider naevi

Spider naevi appear like a red dot with blood vessels radiate outward like a spider’s legs. They can be prevalent in healthy women, but when seen in more significant numbers on the upper half of the body or in men, they may indicate liver disease. 

6. Bruising Easily

You may injure easily due to your liver’s decreased ability to generate clotting factors. 

7. Reddened Palms (Palmar erythema)

Roughly a quarter of the population with liver cirrhosis develop palmar erythema – a reddening of the skin on the palms. 

8. Dark urine

Urine color might be dark orange, amber, cola-colored, or brown can indicate liver disease. The color is due to too much bilirubin developing up because the liver isn’t severing it down normally. 

9. Swollen Abdomen (ascites)

Ascites happen because fluid is preserved in the abdomen. The legs and ankles might also swell because of fluid retention. 

10. Abdominal pain

High liver enzymes may sometimes cause abdominal pain on the right side of the abdomen.

High Liver Enzymes Causes and Treatment

High Liver Enzymes Causes and Treatment

Some of the diseases or situations that can result in a rise in liver enzymes include-

  • Hepatitis. 
  • Fatty liver disease 
  • Metabolic syndrome 
  • Cirrhosis 
  • Drug abuse

High Liver Enzymes Treatment

High Liver Enzymes are usually not life-threatening disorders, but elevated ALT and AST warrant stimulating medical attention. Chronic liver diseases and cirrhosis caused more than 28000 deaths in the United States in 2005. Elevated AST and ALT indicate damage to your liver caused by disease or infection. 

Being sure of what is resulting in the rise in liver enzymes, your doctor may instruct you to avoid drinking alcohol or consuming certain drugs, lose weight, or consume a healthier diet. If your

Liver enzymes stay improved; your doctor may order some tests or suggest you to a specialist in liver diseases. 

The medications for some prevalent causes of high AST or ALT levels include: 

1. Fatty Liver Disease 

People can function with their doctor to deal with NAFLD with weight loss. The doctor may instruct a person to give rise to lifestyle changes to lose weight, such as: 

  • Exercising more 
  • Eating a healthful, balanced diet 
  • Trying to simmer more calories than they eat 

2. Metabolic Syndrome 

Treatments for metabolic syndrome include: 

  • Losing weight 
  • Exercising more 
  • Consuming a healthy, balanced diet 
  • Regulating blood sugar levels 
  • Reducing stress levels 

3. Hepatitis 

A doctor may instruct the following treatments for acute hepatitis: 

  • Bed rest 
  • Plenty of fluids 
  • Avoiding alcohol 

4. Alcohol or Drug misuse Disorder 

Handlings for alcohol or drug use disorder include: 

  • Behavioral therapies 
  • Medications
  • Support groups 

Tests for High Liver Enzymes

Tests for High Liver Enzymes

A doctor may instruct a liver enzyme test if a patient is being cared for or maintains a higher danger for liver disease. For instance, if the liver is damaged, ALT is discharged into the bloodstream and ALT level increases.

Foods good for High Liver Enzymes

Here are a few foods good for liver repair- 

  • Coffee to lower abnormal liver enzymes 
  • Greens to prevent fat buildup 
  • Tofu to reduce fat buildup 
  • Fish for inflammation and fat levels 
  • Oatmeal for energy 
  • Avocado to help protect the liver 
  • Milk and another low-fat dairy 
  • Sunflower seeds for antioxidants 
  • Olive oil for weight control 
  • Garlic to help reduce body weight 
  • Green tea for less fat absorption. 

How to Prevent High Liver Enzymes

Some of the natural ways to prevent high liver enzymes are:

● Stop Drinking Alcohol 

● Change Your Diet 

● Take Medicinal Herbs like Milk Thistle, Holy Basil (tulsi), turmeric, etc.

● Try a Liver Cleanse 

Foods to Avoid with Liver Disease( video)

In Closing

High liver enzymes are an indication that a person is suffering from an inflamed or damaged liver. Many disorders may result in liver inflammation or damage. 

Doctors take a blood test to test for high liver enzymes. They may check anyone with warnings of one of the situations they suffer to raise liver enzyme levels.

Don’t miss

Reference from trusted sources

  1. Medications and the Liver Accessed
  2. Increased liver enzymes: what should be done?
  3. Liver enzyme alteration: a guide for clinicians
  4. Liver Function Tests Pathophysiology
  5. Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT)
  6. Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP)
  7. The influence of diet upon liver function tests and serum lipids
  8. A review on laboratory liver function tests

Dr Maria

MD. Board Certified physician. Fellowship In Family Medicine UK. 8 years of medical experience in Lifestyle-related health disorders. Graduated from AIIMS – All India Institute Of Medical Science, INDIA

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